Bringing Foreign Plated Cars into Cozumel vehicles

 

Since the introduction of Mexico’s reformed immigration law in 2012, the rules concerning the import of foreign-plated vehicles changed.  For temporary visitors (tourists) and temporary residents, procedures remain straightforward; however, a significant change is that permanent residents are no longer allowed to drive a foreign-plated car into Mexico using a ‘TIP’.  Here are the details:

Get Your Vehicle Permits at the Border

With the exceptions for the states of Sonora and the Baja Peninsula (see notes below) if you plan to drive a foreign-plated vehicle beyond the ~25 km “free zone” you will need a Temporary Import Permit (TIP) and you must get this at the border. They are not available at interior checkpoints.

Visitors Entering Mexico Using FMM (Tourist Permits)

If you are visiting Mexico on a tourist permit, you can import your foreign-plated vehicle to Mexico, but you must export it again before the permit expires. FMM permits last for a maximum of 180 days (6 months) and cannot be renewed or extended beyond this time period.

Entering Mexico with a Residente Temporal Permit

Holders of Residente Temporal (with or without work privileges) and Residente Temporal Estudiante may import their car to Mexico using a Temporary Import Permit (TIP).  The vehicle will remain legal in Mexico for so long as the resident permit remains current. Fore details about residency permits, see our Mexico Immigration page.

Entering Mexico with a Residente Permanente Permit

If you are carrying a Residente Permanente permit, you will not be allowed to bring your foreign-plated car into Mexico on a Temporary Import Permit (TIP) – whether the resident permit is for non-lucrative or lucrative purposes. However, you can go through a process to permanently import the car.  If you want to formally import your car, we recommend you hire a customs agent to do this.

Expats with Permanent Residency Status and Cars in Mexico

If you have a foreign plated car in Mexico now, and you have an (old) FM2 or if you change your immigration status from Residente Temporal to Residente Permanente you will need to make some choices about what do to with your foreign-plated vehicle, for example:

Export the car permanently – Take the car out of Mexico (crossing the border into the US or Belize) – see also “Safe Return” procedure, below.

Export and then re-import the car using a Customs Broker – If you want to keep your car, there is a process to legally import the car by paying the relevant duties and import taxes. You’ll need a customs broker to assist you with this process. The name of the person with the Residente Permante permit will need to have clear title to the vehicle (no liens or encumbrances; and no leased vehicles) – see also “Safe Return” procedure, below.

Export the car and sell it to a person with a Residente Temporal permit – If you know a foreigner with a Residente Temporal permit who wants to buy your car, you can export it, sell it to them, and they can re-import it using their Residente Temporal permit.

Export the car by sea – In some circumstances, export of your car on a sea vessel might be a viable option. You’ll need a customs broker to help you with the process. As a rule of thumb, shipping fees to the US range from $1,000-$1,500, which might be worth it especially if your vehicle is new and/or particularly valuable.

If your vehicle is currently “illegal” (or will become illegal when you switch fromResidente Temporal to Residente Permanente), and you want to take the car out of the country, you can apply for a “Retorno Seguro” permit from SAT, which gives you five days to drive the car out of the country (to the US or to Belize).

Rules for Sonora, Baja California, and Baja California Sur

Sonora Free ZoneSonora: There is no need for a vehicle permit if you plan to use you car within the State of Sonora’s “Free Zone” which includes the popular cities of Agua Prieta, Bahia de Kino, Caborca, Guaymas, Hermosillo, Magdalena, Nogales, Puerto Peñasco, San Carlos, and Santa Ana (green area on map, click/tap here for full size version). If you plan to travel outside of the Free Zone and remain within the state you can get a “Sonora Only” permit.

Baja Peninsula: Foreign-plated vehicles driven into the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur do not require an import permit.  Your US or Canadian car plates must be valid and any stickers must be kept current while the vehicle is on the Baja peninsula. If you take your car from La Paz to the Mexican mainland (by ferry) you will need be subject to the car import rules described above.

Entry and Exit Ports

When your foreign-plated vehicle has a TIP, you don’t necessarily have to exit Mexico through the same port you entered.  For example, you can import the car at the US border and export it through Belize, or you could enter through Nogales and exit through Laredo, etc.

Lost / Stolen / Abandoned Foreign-Plated Vehicles

If your foreign-plated car is stolen in Mexico, you’ll have to pay Aduana (Mexican Customs) 40% tax on the car’s value. This rule was brought-in some while ago to discourage foreigners from dumping their cars and telling Aduana it was stolen. While the authorities cannot prevent you from leaving if you don’t pay the tax, failure to do so will forfeit your rights to import any other foreign-plated vehicle to Mexico in future. If you want to get rid of your car, there is a procedure whereby you can “donate” it to Mexican Customs; you can find more information about that here on the Aduana web site.

Credits:

Bringing Foreign-Plated Cars Into Mexico
Topics: Living | Transportation
Written by: Mexperience
Published: Published on May 30, 2016

Importing & Driving a Car in Mexico

On-Line Aduana Forms

Temporary importation permit for vehicles- instructions and letter for notifying aduana of you change in migratory status, e.g., renewal or change from FMM to Residente Temporal. the documents are crooked. That is exactly how they appear in the aduana manual, obviously scanned unattended.

 Temporary import permit notification to aduana of change in migratory status.pdf · version 1

Portable Document Format

Download            Preview

Surviving Yucatan

June 20, 2016 Update
INM at airports appear to now have access-to & use Aduana-Banjercito vehicle permit database information when we fly out of Mexico. …
A recent San Miguel Expat forum post described a change at one INM airport office on for foreigners exiting Mexico (in Mexico on a Visitor’s Visa)… who also had an existing (un-cancelled) Temporary Import Permit for their foreign-plated car:

Our car permit is in my husband’s name (we’re on tourist visas). He had to fly out yesterday to care for his mom for awhile. When the plane was just about to take off, they found him and he had to pay a 390 peso fine because he’s leaving the car behind.
Word to the wise! “

This is the first report we’ve read about what sure looks like INM … now … has the ability to flag our INM records with some of our auto/truck permit information from the Aduana/Banjercito database(s).

Bit by bit,  this is another step in the Mexican government using their nationwide databases to force foreigners to finally comply with Mexican law.

June 13, 2016 Update:
SAT published new rules on Authorized Destruction (Scrapping) of Temporarily Imported (TIP) Vehicles this February.  There are now official SAT authorized sites for disposing of unwanted TIP autos, as listed below.   Unfortunately,  there are none in the Yucatan,  but the State of Mexico is well supplied.

http://www.sat.gob.mx/terceros_autorizados/centros_destruccion/Paginas/centros_destruccion_vehiculos.aspx

After we have scrapped a TIP car (at our $$ cost ) then we deliver proof to SAT of the vehicle’s authorized destruction … per page 56, anexo 5 :

http://www.sat.gob.mx/informacion_fiscal/normatividad/Documents/manual_importacion_vehiculos.pdf

After completing these steps, we can bring in another TIP vehicle … and if all is done properly, we potentially protect our previous TIP deposit.


May 12, 2016 Update

Since last November, Aduana – SAT is no longer processing Retorno Seguro applications in the regional Aduana-SAT offices.    Aduana-SAT have shifted the process to their Mexico City office, and significantly RAISED & changed 8 requirements. … Now,  consistent reports from across Mexico are saying that we can expect 6 week to 8 week waits for Aduana (Mexico City) to send out the Retorno Seguro permits.

For readers who don’t know about Retorno Seguro permits, they are the permit we use to legally take ANY foreign-plated  vehicle out of Mexico – like when our TIPs expire … or when we convert to Residente Permanente visas and can no longer have a TIP vehicle.
Please see our section below on Retorno Seguro permits for details on the NEW requirements & changes at:  ~ What to Do If Your Car Becomes “Illegal” – The Retorno Seguro Program / Permit

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
KEY Importation and Driving ISSUES and TOPICS:
~ Click the Items below to go directly to the Section you Want ~ :

~ Advantages & Disadvantages of Permanent v Temporary Import Permits

~ What Cars Can be Imported Permanently

~ Customs Brokers Who Permanently Import Cars

~ Current Process for using a Customs Broker to Permanently Import your Car

~ Pedimento Checker and Issues with Permanently Imported Foreign-Plated Cars

~ A Link to the Mexican Govt’s Official VIN Checker to get Import Duties

~ Temporary Import Permits for Residente Temporal and Visitante (visitor/tourist) INM Permit Holders

~ How to get a Temporary Import Permit for your Car – online – beforeentering Mexico – to get a 180 day TIP

~ Rules for Classic Cars (29 year olds and over) and Other Exceptions and Exempted Areas

~ How Long is My Aduana Temporary Import Permit Valid For?

~ How to Check the Expiration Date and Status of a Temporary Import Permit on a Foreign Plated Car

~ Aduana Letter to Carry In the Car If Your TIP was Issued before June 11, 2011

~ Leaving Mexico with the Vehicle and Returning Later:

~ Why not just drive out of Mexico, and keep the sticker on my windshield?

~ Want to end the “No Front License Plate” Hassles at Retens?

~ Mexican Customs Law Governing Expat Vehicle Operation and Temporary Importations:

~ What does Article 106 Say about Keeping Your Aduana/Banjercito TIP From Expiring? and
. . . Just Who is Allowed to Drive My TIP Car

~ Example Letter Notifying Aduana of changes-in or renewals-to your INM Visa

~ What to Carry in Your TIP Car to Avoid Unnecessary Hassles:

Copy of Article 106 to Carry in Your Car

~ When Should I Notify Aduana of Renewals of My INM Immigration Permit?

~ Official list of documents for notifying Aduana of your new/changed INM visa information:

~ Leaving Mexico with a TIP Vehicle and Returning Later – Multiple Exit/Entry Permits

~ Partial Returns Program: Multiple Exit and Re-Entry Permit Letter

~ Whom to Call With Permit Problems

~ Leaving Mexico without your Vehicle Registered under an FMM – Hint: Don’t
~ What to Do If Your Car Becomes “Illegal” – The Retorno Seguro Program / Permit

~ Important Rules for Operating Foreign Plated Cars in Mexico: Article 106 and Article 17-17.4 Copies to Keep in Your Car

~ What Happens if Your Foreign Plated Car is Stolen …. SURPRISE ! @#%&***!!

~ Advantages and Disadvantages of Permanently Importing a NAFTA Vehicle into Mexico vs. Getting a Temporary Import Permit

~ I Can’t Take My Car to the Border and I Want to Donate It to Aduana

~ Effects of Having a TIP for a Foreign Plated Car When You Apply For Residency at a Consulate:

~ Issues When Leaving Mexico with a Pending INM Application using a Temporary Exit Permission Letter:

~ Still Have Questions About Importing a Vehicle into Mexico?

~ SAT -Directory of Banjercito Locations for Importing Cars

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

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Jan. 2015 Update for Rules on Vehicle/Car Imports
SAT/Aduana has announced their latest rules for permanently importing cars and non-dually pickup trucks into Mexico.  The rules take effect on Jan. 1, 2015, and are described in the following video:

The ever-helpful, very talented Mexican attorney Spencer McMullen ( Chapalalaw.com ) has offered the following summary of the new Aduana rules for permanent vehicle imports by private individuals.

What vehicles can be imported:
~ Used NAFTA cars and non-dually pickups:  VIN shows they were made or assembled in Mexico, the USA or Canada.
~ 8 to 9 year old cars.
~  Vehicles whose rights are restricted or prohibited from being driven in their home country are prohibited from importation. (? – Editor’s note: Waiting for clarification on this item)
~ Classic cars more than 29 years old.

Requirements & Notes:
~ Importation fee: Ten percent of the value of the vehicle, plus taxes due for entry into the country.
~ Cars can be imported by Mexicans living in Mexico and abroad.
~ Importers need official ID and CURP, car title in their name or signed-over to them,  emissions certificate,  nothing limiting their right to be driven in their home country

Procedures
1.  Go to a customs agent with your ID, letter of appointment of customs broker, and vehicle title.
2.  Verify that the customs agent:
~    ~ Obtains a certificate that the vehicle complies with physical / mechanical conditions and environmental protection (verification centers exist close to the border zone aduanas).
~    ~ Verifies that the vehicle has not been reported stolen
~    ~ Verifies that the vehicle VIN number matches the title.
~    ~ Presents any/all US-titled vehicles to American Customs (CBP) to perform the required US export (this process takes an average of two days – but CBP rules say to bring the vehicle to them 72 hours before the planned export).   (Editor’s Note: The rules for Canadian vehicles are still being resolved on this issue.)
~    ~ Prepares the importation pedimento.
~    ~ Pays the proper taxes
~    ~ Turns in the definitive importation pedimento fully paid.

3.  Present the vehicle along with the pedimento at the aduana module for inspection and receive the import pedimentos with its attachments and register the vehicle in the Public Vehicle Registry.

Remember, only a licensed customs agent can do the procedure with Aduana.  Vehicle importations are not done in the street.  Do not turn over money or documents in the street.

I am just the messenger, I do not know how Canadians will fare without a title, or why they should deal with US customs or heck if anybody but a Mexican can import as it doesn’t mention foreigners at all.  Also I have no idea how people will babysit customs agents and make sure they comply with the list of items SAT gives.”

This good information was prepared by Mexican licensed attorney Lic. Spencer Richard McMullen (Cédula #7928026) and official court translator (Perito Traductor). Mx 376-765-7553   Chapalalaw.com

Dec. 15, 2014 Update
SAT/Aduana recently released the latest version of their Vehicle Importation Manual.   The new manual can be found here:http://www.sat.gob.mx/informacion_fiscal/normatividad/Documents/manual_importacion_vehiculos.pdf

The most important changes for vehicle Temporary Import Permit (TIP) holders are:
1.   Since June 2010, foreigners with TIPs must notify Aduana each time they renew their INM permit, or when they exchange their FMM & consulate preauthorization for a Residente Temporal card.   THE Nov. 2014 CHANGE: ~ Aduana now allows us to send them our INM renewal notice EARLY.   Aduana now requires  either  the copy of the new INM card OR  ~ the NUT number ~ OR INM’s printed resolution authorizing the new card.  INM’s printed “resolution”  authorizing the new card is the paper they give you when you are approved for fingerprinting – because when we receive this INM “resolution”, it means  we are formally approved for the visa.     (Item 2.4)

Ironically, the INM “resolution” document only has your NUT printed on it, and does notshow your name or any personal identifying information.

This means we can now notify Aduana early – before receiving the INM card – using the 2 INM papers we get while processing our new INM visa (renewal) application.  If you have a TIP:   SAVE  that INM paper with the NUT number,  and  SAVE   that INM paper that approves you for fingerprinting.

Even though the new SAT/Aduana rules say we can use just the NUT,  savvy travelers note that it’s best to use both INM papers to renew your TIP:   If Aduana receives our request to renew out TIP with just the NUT paper, there can be a problem if Aduana checks the INM records before INM finishes approving your application.  When we have both INM’s  NUT paper and the notification of approval for fingerprinting, we have cleared that final key INM hurdle.

To avoid losing your deposit, good immigration attorneys are having their clients file their Aduana vehicle notification the very day they are notified they can place fingerprints, including a copy of the notification, as well as the pdf notification with no personal information.

2.  SAT/Aduana’s Second Big Nov. 2014 Change:  SAT/Aduana has changed to 15business days  for the grace period for filing our INM permit-renewal / TIP renewal (after INM card approval).   It is no longer 15 calendar days.    (Item 2.4)

3.   SAT/Aduana maximum duration periods for renewing TIPs now matches INM permit periods:  The new maximum periods that we can have TIP vehicles imported with Residente Temporal is up to 4 years.   Residente Temporal Estudiante’s TIPs are for the duration of their studies.    TIPs for FMM para “canje”  (foreigners entering Mexico using the 30 day canje preauthorized visa from a Mexican  consulate) are for up to 30 days, and can be extended up to 4 years when you get your Residente Temporal. (Item 2.2)

Nov 15, 2014
Questions about driving cars into Mexico under Tourist Visas and Residente TemporalINM permits have filled years of expat and travelers forums.  This article is a 9 year collection of insights trolled from Mexican law and people’s experiences.  If we’ve done our job, you should be able to find answers to the common questions, and if not, leave us a comment/question and we’ll do our best to give you answers based on the current rules and regulations about importing and driving foreign cars in Mexico.   There is a table of topics covered here, where you can click on a topic that interests you: ~ KEY Importation and Driving ISSUES and TOPICS

Nov. 15, 2014 Update:
The San Miguel Allende INM/Aduana-issues facilitator Sonia reports that the Queretaro Aduana office and the Distrito Federal Aduana office have been issuing new expiration dates for her client’s vehicle Temporary Import Permits (TIP), even after the TIP’s formal expiration date, as long as the foreigner delivers their request for extending/registering a new TIP expiration date within 15 days of receiving their latest INM visa/permit.  Since Mexican mail can be slow,  it may be necessary to use a special carrier to deliver your TIP expiration date extension letter before the Aduana 15 day grace period ends.  Here is an example letter:  Example Letter Notifying Aduana of changes-in or renewals-to your INM Visa

Note that if INM is tardy in getting your INM permit renewed,  you may exceed Banjercito’s 15 day grace period, and Banjercito automatically confiscates our deposits on Day 16 after your TIP’s printed expiration date,  while your expiration date request letter to Aduana preserves the validity of the TIP – it does not necessarily protect the Banjercito deposit. …  If you want to protect the deposit,  you have to notify Aduana in writing, with enough time left in Banjercito’s 15 day grace period for Aduana to record your request and notify Banjercito –  using your INM NUE and Pieza number information –  or go to the border by the expiration date – and surrender the TIP to collect your deposit.  (still messy) …

Oct. 21, 2014 Update: ~ How to get a Temporary Import Permit for your Car – online – before entering Mexico – to get a 180 day TIP    If you take your Residente Temporal pre-approval and Canje visa from the Consulate  – and you enter Mexico to get a Temporary Import Permit (TIP) for your car,  Aduana and Banjercito only give you a 30 day TIP.   Instead, if you apply online with Aduana/Banjercito for a TIP, delivered to your home,   then Aduana gives you a 6 month (180 day) TIP. For details, see our section on this below by clicking on the link at the beginning of this paragraph.

Whether you get a 180 day TIP expiration date or a 30 day TIP expiration date, when you get your INM permit, be sure to give written notification of your INM permit’s expiration date to Aduana. We must notify Aduana before 15 days after the TIP expiration date, or Banjercito confiscates our deposit. The TIP remains valid, but you lose your deposit.  ~Example Letter Notifying Aduana of changes-in or renewals-to your INM Visa

If you notify Aduana of the new INM permit expiration date for your TIP within 15 days ofreceiving the INM permit, even if it is beyond the TIP’s printed expiration date,  Aduana has been granting extensions of the TIP expiration date – saving a trip to the border- though Banjercito may have confiscated the deposit under the 15 day rule).

Jan. 22, 2014 Update: ~ Current Process for using a Customs Broker to Permanently Import your Car   ~ Note that with the Jan. 1, 2014 changes to Aduana and SAT rules, it is possible for private individuals to permanently import cars without a Customs Broker. We typically advise against attempting doing this because filling out the US Govt. forms for cancelling your US title and exporting the car out of the US, and then filling out all the Mex. Gob. forms to import the car into Mexico is very complex, involving peculiar govt.-speak terminology, and 3-5 days for the 2 Govts. to check and approve the paperwork (or require revisions for first-time inexperienced filers). If you contact a reliable Customs Broker before you get to the border, they generally have all the details and paperwork squared-away, ready for you to sign, and complete the process in just 3 – 5 hours versus 3-5 days for DIY efforts. Costs vary widely between crossing points and brokers, from low costs at Mexicali and Nogales, ranging up to 2X to 4X higher costs at the Texas border crossings. (The cost of living in Texas must be 3X higher(?) ~ $2,000USD vs $700 ~ than other places for the same car and same service?)

Note that as a part of our commitment to keeping our information current and valid, we make updates on these articles from time to time – so our core articles evolve over time to reflect current reality.    Recent additions to this article, include sections on:  (click on theBolded Underlined items to jump directly to that section)
~ Current Process for using a Customs Broker to Permanently Import your Car

~ Effects of Having a TIP for a Foreign Plated Car When You Apply For Residency at a Consulate       and

~ Issues When Leaving Mexico with a Pending INM Application using a Temporary Exit Permission Letter:

May 2, 2013 Update
There have been reports from around the internet of various customs brokers and other “Agents” who are offering paper-only permanent imports of foreign-plated TIP cars, where the expat sends cash and their car’s papers to the “broker” and they get Mexican license plates in return.    Note that some brokers have provided falsely obtained state plates, with no valid Aduana pedimento for the importation.   Also note that if the broker does this for you, you should get your TIP cancelled too.   Finally, there really MUST be a pedimento listed in Aduana’s national database for your VIN at the end of the process.   That pedimento should also allow the car owner to easily register their car with their state DMV.

Alternately, if you want to buy a permanently imported car from someone else,   or you have permanently imported your foreign-plated car, and you want to check if Aduana has officially logged your VIN & pedimento into their database, then:   Check this Aduana website to see if a car was successfully imported: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO  and SAT’s website VIN checker website:  http://www2.repuve.gob.mx:8080/ciudadania/servletconsulta
Note:  If your car was legal before you changed to a non-working INM Residente Temporal then your foreign-plated car and your Aduana TIP are still valid,   as long as you kept your INM permit valid.    Residente Permanente card holders cannot have TIP cars in Mexico.   “Working” (lucrativo) Residente Temporal permits are not allowed to keep TIP cars.

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March 15, 2013 Update:   If you have issues with renewing your foreign-plated TIP vehicle, as a Residente Temporal: Contact — Lic. Karen Villaseñor   01-55-5802-0000 x46889  Administracion Central — 01-55-5802-2069  ciitev_AduanaMexico@sat.gob.mx

You can also write directly to Aduana DF to request an extension of your TIP, including copies of your INM card, the new INM expiration date, the VIN, make, model, TIP number, and your passport number.  There is a pdf form from Aduana/SAT – on page 41 – to send in – note that it loads very slowly.
ftp://ftp2.sat.gob.mx/aduanas/2012/vehiculos/Manual_importacion_temporal_vehiculos.pdf

Administración Central de Planeación Aduanera
Av. Hidalgo No.77 Modulo IV primer piso
Col. Guerrero, Delegación Cuauhtémoc
Código Postal 06300, México D.F.

Be sure to have your extension request ARRIVE at an Aduana office before 15 days after you receive your INM permit renewal – even if it requires express delivery.

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Also CHECK OUT our other articles describing how to go to the border and resolve TiP problems, TRICKS to DRIVING IN MEXICO, etc at:

Updates to Aduana, INM & Banjercito Procedures for Visas and Importing Cars

” Give me my Ticket . . . Please ”
… What to Do and Say If You are Stopped by the Mexican Police

Spanish Phrases to Use in an Emergency

Driving in Mexico (cruising?)

Pemex Gasoline: Issues?

ONAPPAFA – An Alternative to Paying Aduana Import Duties and Permit Fees?

Options for Foreign-Plated “TIP” Car Owners in Mexico, esp for Permanent Residents

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~
What’s it all about, Alfie?  Basically all NAFTA made foreign cars and pickups (but no dually’s) can be temporarily imported by expats with FMM’s (Visitor / Tourist Visas), andResident Temporal INM permits (what used to be called FM3’s No Inmigrante Rentista & No Inmigrante Lucrativo) by getting a Temporary Import Permit (Permiso de Importación Temporal de Vehículos) from Aduana / Banjercito.   Alternately, only NAFTA vehicles can be permanently imported, and 6 year old and older vehicles can be imported permanently at modest import duties at the US-Mexico border crossings.

Note that if you are only staying in the 25 km border area,  or ONLY going into specially designated free zones like Baja California, California Sur, Quintana Roo, or parts of Sonora, then you do not have to get a Temporary Import Permit (TIP).  Such cars must only stay in those areas.  If you decide to go to other parts of Mexico, you must return to the border and get a TIP.

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Advantages & Disadvantages of Permanent Imports  vs.   Temporary Import Permits (TIPs):

With a permanent importation permit:
~ You can sell the car here in Mexico.
~ You can keep the car in Mexico as long as you want, regardless of INM status.
~ Mexican drivers can drive your car, without you (or some other expat) being in the car.
~ You must license the car here, and renew your State registration every year ($$).
~ You may have to pay annual State ownership taxes (tenencias $$) depending on your State’s rules.
~ You can only import 6 year old and older NAFTA vehicles for modest import duties.
~ You pay no cash deposit when you bring the car into Mexico.
~ You do not have to go to a (non-airport) Aduana’s office every year to register your new INM permit expiration date.

With a Temporary Importation Permit (TIP):

~ You cannot sell the car here in Mexico.
~ You can only keep the car in Mexico with current & select types of INM permits.
…~ ~ ~ (e.g. If you change from ordinary Residente Temporal  over to working Residente Temporal or to Residente Permanente, then you cannot keep the car here on a Temporary Import Permit, you have to take it out of Mexico or face having it permanently confiscated.
~ Mexican drivers cannot drive your car, without you (or some other expat with a Temporary Resident or Visitor visa) being in the car.
~ You do not have to license the car here, and many States do not require that you keep your foreign plates current.
~ You pay no annual State ownership taxes (tenencias $$).
~ You can import an additional car or truck.
~ You have to pay a cash deposit when you bring the car into Mexico the first time.
~ You must go to a (non-airport) Aduana’s office every year in person to register your new INM permit expiration date with Aduana well before your TIP permit expires.

~ If you bring in a trailer, then the trailer is attached to your towing vehicle’s TIP.  This means when you go to cancel the vehicle TIP, you must also have the trailer with you.

For more details, see below:  Advantages and Disadvantages of Permanently Importing a NAFTA Vehicle into Mexico vs. Getting a Temporary Import Permit

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What Cars Can be Imported Permanently

Specifics for Normal Periods of Permanent Imports: NAFTA cars and non-dually pickups, 6 years old and older at the US-Mexico border, (8 & 9 year old car at sea port Aduana offices), qualify for a Permanent Import permit, but the expat must: be a citizen or resident (Residente Temporal or Residente Permanente);  and the vehicle must be manufactured or assembled in a NAFTA country.   The permanent import process is called  tramite => “nationalizing” in English, see Aduana‘s website: “Importing Used Autos”, where the Model Year is determined as the automotive year period between November 1’st from one year to October 31 of the following year.   Check an estimate of your import duties and check your VIN and manufacture date at this Banjercito website:  http://paisano.prevalidadorcaaarem.org.mx/Cotizador/     and you can also check this official spreadsheet of “Reference Values” published by the Secretary of the Treasury (Hacienda y Credito Publica) here: 

http://www.aduanas-mexico.com.mx/claa/ctar/leyes/mec_precios_estimados.html#ane2

Invoice values are not accepted.  One Aduana website says that import duties are 10% of the “Reference Values”.

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The US Commerce Department reports:
Compilation of Foreign Motor Vehicle Import Requirements
Mexico maintains a 30 percent tariff for new vehicles, and 50 percent tariff for used vehicles on U.S. and Canadian vehicles not meeting the NAFTA rule of origin and on vehicles from all other countries that do not have an FTA with Mexico. Mexico has also signed 12 FTAs with 44 countries, including such major markets as Japan and the EU member states. See a complete list of Mexico’s free trade partners at:
http://www.economia.gob.mx/swb/en/economia/p_Tratados_Acuerdos


Note: If the first character of the VIN is a number, then it is a NAFTA vehicle.

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Here is a link to the Mexican Govt’s official VIN Checker with import duties :http://paisano.prevalidadorcaaarem.org.mx/Cotizador/ .

For people who get Mexican plates from a broker for their foreign-plated TIP car, it is important to be sure the plates are legitimate. If a driver is pulled over and the car that shows up as being stolen, the police may approach the driver with guns drawn, and the driver may be arrested and jailed.

If you suspect there might be a problems with your plates, you can check them at these Mexican Federal Govt. websites:
SAT VIN checker: http://www2.repuve.gob.mx:8080/ciudadania/servletconsulta  and this Aduana website for pedimentos on imported cars: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO

You enter your Plate Number, VIN, and Folio ID.

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~
Customs Brokers Who Permanently Import Cars:
Foreigners who want to permanently import a car must use a customs broker.   Based on reliable internet reports of personal experiences:  The following brokers have been used successfully by various gringos this past year.    We do not endorse them, but pass along their contact information as an aid to readers.     Most of the information comes from Mexconnect posts:  recommended customs brokers for nationalizing vehicles

~ Lic. Oscar Fco. Angulo  – Nogales, MX
ancomercial@hotmail.com
Nex. 32*13*322903
Cel Mex 045 631 157 38 21
AnCo Comercializadora

~ Hiram Cervera – Progreso, Merida, Campeche, Cancun
importauto@cervera.com.mx  Tel (969) 935-3535
Agencia Aduanal Cervera:  www.cervera.com.mx/english/index_eng.html

~ PG IMPORT – Mexicali B.C. Mexico
Importacion y Nacionalizacion de Autos, Pickups, Lanchas, Motos etc.
Tel. 686 554-2866, Nextel 152 14 74633
E-Mail: pg.import@hotmail.com
Local S3 C. Comercial Caballito,
Blvd. Adolfo Lopez Mateos

~ Transportes Americas – Mexicali B.C
Calz. de las Americas #283
Fracc. Sonora
Tel. 686 564 3413 Nextel. 152 1346 2410.
E-Mail: transportesamericasmxl@gmail.com

~ Grupo Cuevas – Nuevo Laredo/Laredo
http://www.importaciondeautos.com/
Tel. 956-729-7004 / 956-729-7415
info@importaciondeautos.com
From: Updates on Aduana TIPs, Residente Permanentes, Pedimentos and Processing

There are also paper-only imports being done on NAFTA cars and non-NAFTA cars.   We have no formal opinions on whether these work or not.

” SMAcoolist: Mon Dec 9, 2013 7:36 am (PST) . Posted by: soniangel32
This week we received several pedimentos and facturas of cars we nationalized from as far away as Ixtapa and Manzanillo. All were done without the cars leaving their property and no driving to the border.

Some pedimentos are slow and others are coming in 3 weeks. Hopefully, in the future they will all be faster.

Happy Holidays
Sonia

SONIANGEL32 AT hotmail.com
cell: 044-415-106- 1499 ”   ???

Note that the Amparo that Sonia was using for German & Japanese made cars expired long ago.   Note that Sonia’s service does not include a service to get US citizens the US government required official 3 day export permit done by US CBP.   US-titled used cars are required to be formally registered as exported from the USA before they are permanently imported into Mexico.  Customs brokers at the border do this US export for a modest fee.

Also note that some internet reports are saying that the other Amparos she and others used for “paper only” imports (no trip to the border) either are expiring or have expired. PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE check out the actual services that any broker or “facilitator” are offering – to be sure that their services actually get you a valid Aduana pedimento that your Mexican state government accepts to issue you state registrations and plates.

When you use any Broker or any import system,  it is important to check the official Mexican gob. databases to see if your VIN is recorded, to prove the permanent import process worked –  to see if a car was successfully imported: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO  and SAT’s website VIN checker website:  http://www2.repuve.gob.mx:8080/ciudadania/servletconsulta .
~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Current Process for using a Customs Broker to Permanently Import your Car
~ Note that with the Jan. 1, 2014 changes to Aduana and SAT rules, it is possible for private individuals to permanently import cars without a Customs Broker. We typically advise against attempting doing this because filling out the US Govt. forms for cancelling your US title and exporting the car out of the US, and then filling out all the Mex. Gob. forms to import the car into Mexico is very complex, involving peculiar govt.-speak terminology, and 3-5 days for the 2 Govts. to check and approve the paperwork (or require revisions for first-time inexperienced filers). If you contact a reliable Customs Broker before you get to the border, they generally have all the details and paperwork squared-away, ready for you to sign, and complete the process in just 3 – 5 hours versus 3-5 days for DIY efforts. Costs vary widely between crossing points and brokers, from low costs at Mexicali and Nogales, ranging up to 2X to 4X higher costs at the Texas border crossings. (The cost of living in Texas must be 3X higher(?) ~ $2,000USD vs $700 ~ than other places for the same car and same service?)

Customs brokers/agents have recently required copies of:
~ Your driver’s license,
~ A photo id. (passport is preferable),
~ A copy of your car registration,
~ A photo of the VIN, and
~ A copy of a “comprabante”: your Mexican electrical or telephone bill that shows your current residence.

Once you have sent these documents to the broker or agent, the broker/agent starts the nationalization process. With brokers/agents like Oscar Angulo (in Nogales), they can have the documents ready as early as 48 hours. Your new Aduana permanent import documents from the broker now include a Pedimento and a title, and as always ~ check all the paperwork to confirm correct spellings of names and addresses. ~ When you meet your broker at the border to get your new documents, good brokers guide you to SAT (Aduana) or Customs.    If you previously had a TIP (temporary import permit), then you submit the TIP to Banjercito and Aduana, so your car info will be removed from the database. Banjercito employees take a foto of your VIN and they remove the windshield sticker. Be SURE to keep the Banjercito receipt, as proof that your TIP was surrendered to avoid any future hassles that can arise over old TIPS.   After getting your papers from the broker and dealing with any old TIP issues,   you then start the nationalization process with Aduana by handing them the original registration, original title of the vehicle, and the “pedimento” form containing legal information about the car (prepared in advance by the broker/agent).

Officials review the documents and issue a blue import sticker (Registro Publico Vehicular). Note: Do not stick it on your windshield yet.   The next step is vehicle inspection, with more VIN checks & photos.    Aduana then gives you a stamped document that confirms that your car is lien-free and has passed inspection.    The current inspection costs $59.94 USD.     After passing inspection, then you stick the Mexican importation sticker onto the window. During off-peak times, the process can take as little as 45 minutes.

Next?  Drive to the next Aduana station inside Mexico, (located as you leave the “border zone”), typically 20 – 25 kilometers from the border.   You show them your new pedimento,  vehicle inspection document,  and title.   Aduana then issues a stamp which completes the process.

Final Steps:  Once you have nationalized your vehicle with Aduana, you still need to register your vehicle in your home state.   Each state has different procedures and their own taxes/fees, so contact your state “DMV” (“SSP”?) to find out the specific requirements for your state.   Typically, you have 30 days to complete this state registration process.

When you use any Broker or any import system,  it is important to check the official Mexican gob. databases to see if your VIN is recorded, to prove the permanent import process worked –  to see if a car was successfully imported: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO  and SAT’s website VIN checker website:  http://www2.repuve.gob.mx:8080/ciudadania/servletconsulta http://www.repuve.gob.mx/  .

Happy Motoring !
~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Potential Issues with Permanently Imported Foreign-Plated Cars:
There have been reports from around the internet of various customs brokers and other “Agents” who are offering paper-only permanent imports of foreign-plated TIP cars, where the expat sends cash and their car’s papers to the “broker” and they get Mexican license plates in return.    Note that some brokers are providing falsely obtained state plates,   with no valid Aduana pedimento for the importation.   Also note that if the broker does this for you, you should get your TIP cancelled too.   Finally, there really MUST be a pedimento listed in Aduana’s national database for your VIN at the end of the process.

Alternately, if want to buy a permanently imported car,   or you have permanently imported your foreign-plated vehicle, and you want to check if Aduana has officially logged your VIN & pedimento into their database, then:

Check this Aduana VIN & Pedimento Checker website: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~
Rules for Classic Cars (30 year olds and over) and Other Exceptions and Exempted Areas
Exceptions to the rules: Cars over 29 years old also qualify for free importation as “classics”. 8-9 year old vehicles designed to haul more than 16 people, cement mixers and other heavy vehicles are allowed to be permanently imported at 10% taxes. There are also special rules for importing 5-9 year old vehicles into the Baja California y California Sur, and special zones of Sonora, but these categories affect few expats, so, we will say no more on these exceptions:
http://www.sat.gob.mx/aduanas/vehiculos/importaciones_autosusados/Paginas/vehiculos_clasicos.aspx
. There are also special exemptions from requirements to get a vehicle import permit, if the vehicle only stays in special “Free Zones”: along the border, parts of Sonora, Baja California, and Quintana Roo. The vehicle must enter Mexico with no Temporary Import Permit, and then stay within these zones.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Temporary Import Permits for Residente Temporal and Visitante (visitor/tourist) INM Permit Holders
Temporary Import Permits can be issued to any Visitante or Residente Temporal INM permit holders. These permits allow the visa holder to drive around Mexico, while the vehicle keeps its foreign license plates, and foreign title & registration.  (See below: Articulo 106  de la Ley Aduanera.)

Temporary permitted vehicles must be taken outside of Mexico before the end of their associated INM permit/visa’s CURRENT expiration date, or the car can be confiscated by Mexican officials.  If you towed in a trailer with your TIP vehicle, you must bring the trailer to the border when you take the TIP vehicle out to be able to cancel the TIP and recover the TIP deposit from Banjercito.

TIP Costs and Deposits:
How much does a Temporary Import Permit cost?

~  The Nov. 2014 SAT/Aduana manual continues with the same 3 ways for to applying for TIPs:
– Apply at the border ($51 USS + IVA).
– Apply online at http://www.banjercito.com.mx ($45 USD + IVA).  or
– Apply at the Mexican consulates in Chicago, Austin, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Sacramento, Albuquerque, Denver and Phoenix  ($51 USD + IVA). (Item 2.3)

~  Vehicle deposits in the Nov. 2014 SAT/Aduana manual,  remain the same.
$400US for car models 2007 – 2015,
$300US for car models 2001 – 2006, and
$200US for cars 2000 and older. (Item 2.3)

Specifics

  • USD $51.00 + IVA = U.S. $59.16 total at the border,  etc- with the Banjercito website costing $52.2 USD.
  • A deposit to guarantee that you take vehicle out of Mexico and cancel the TIP is also required:
    The Ministry of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP) has issued a decree which states that beginning on June 11th, 2011 anyone applying for a temporary import permit for vehicles must make a deposit in the amount determined by the following table:
    Vehicle Year Model Amount to be paid in Mexican Pesos based on applicable exchange rate
    2007 and later 400 USD
    2001 until 2006 300 USD
    2000 and earlier 200 USD
    This deposit is compulsory and can be paid by credit card, debit card, or cash (in US Dollars only). Users must keep in mind that if the deposit is charged to a credit card, the charge will be made in Mexican Pesos and will be calculated based on the exchange rate of the day on which the payment is made. This deposit will be refunded to the same credit card on the next banking business day after the vehicle is fully returned and based on the exchange rate of thatday.The vehicle must be returned on time and within the time period stated on the temporary import permit. If the vehicle is returned after the stated time period, the entire deposit amount will be transferred to the Office of the Treasury on the day following the expected return date, as allowed by current law.

    To maintain the deposit, we must notify Aduana (in writing) every year that we renew our INM permit.  Banjercito gives a 15 BUSINESS DAY grace period after the TIP’s expiration date for us to send in a TIP expiration date renewal letter – proving we have renewed our Temporary Residency INM permit. – **More details on this in the Dec. 15, 2014 Update at the top of this article.**

    and at:  https://yucalandia.com/2014/12/15/mexico-aduanas-new-rules-for-temporary-importation-of-vehicles/

    https://www.banjercito.com.mx/registroVehiculos/opcionCaptura.do;jsessionid=B690C782E9202D63EEC4B95A166469A4

>How to get a Temporary Import Permit for your Car – online – beforeentering Mexico – to get a 180 day TIP:
If you take your Residente Temporal pre-approval and Canje visa from the Consulate – and you enter Mexico to get a Temporary Import Permit (TIP) for your car, Aduana and Banjercito only give you a 30 day TIP. Instead, if you apply online with Aduana/Banjercito for a TIP, delivered to your home, then Aduana gives you a 6 month (180 day) TIP.

If you try to enter Mexico with your special 30 day visa (Canje RT) from the Consulate, then you only get a 30 day TIP at the border, which is now  easy to complete the essential part of the INM process,  and still have time left to notify Aduana to extend the 30 day expiration date – out to match your new Resident Temporal permit’s 1 year expiration date.  Details at:  https://yucalandia.com/2014/12/15/mexico-aduanas-new-rules-for-temporary-importation-of-vehicles/

With a 180 day TIP from online application, you have plenty of time to notify Aduana of your INM RT permit’s expiration date (1 year) – to get Aduana to extend your TIP’s expiration date to match your INM permit. With the extension, Aduana also gives you a letter to carry in the car, certifying the renewed/extended TIP expiration date.

Here’s the background information and details for applying online:
~ You may request your TIP permit between 7 – 60 days before entering Mexico with your vehicle.
~ You may ONLY request a permit for a vehicle that is registered in your name, or your spouse, your children, or your parents.
~ You may NOT request a permit for a vehicle that weighes more than 3.5 metric tons (7,716 lbs).
~ If you are a foreigner, before starting the vehicle permit application process, you must go to INM’s (Instituto Nacional de Migración) website to apply for an immigration pre-authorization for your FMM, aka tourist card – or get pre-approval for a Residente Temporal from your local Mexican Consulate. The Consulate gives you a special 30 day visa to enter Mexico (Canje) to complete the Residente Temporal process at your local INM office. Use this special visa to apply online with Banjercito to receive a 180 day TIP, … otherwise, the vehicle permit will be issued for the same period as that stated on your immigration pre-authorization (30 days if you do it at the border).

~ Once the payment has been accepted, Banjercito will send the permit to your address within 7 business days.
~ Once you have received your permit, you must send a copy of the documents you provided during the application process in one of the following ways:
~ Sending the scanned documents by e-mail to itvnet@banjercito.com.mx.
Courier service to the following address: Av. Industria Militar 1055, Col. Lomas de Sotelo, Del. Miguel Hidalgo, México, D.F., CP. 11200.

Delivering them in person to any Banjercito office.

Notes:
~ Should any of the information you provide during the application process be found to be false, you may be subject to sanctions imposed by the Mexican authorities.
~ Banjercito reserves the right to deny any request for a permit should any violation of current law be found.
~ The applicant must be 18 years old.
~ The person named on the credit card must be the person who is applying for the temporary importation permit.
~ You will not be able to process the permit online if you have a working or student visa, due to the fact that it is necessary to prove that the visa is still valid and it has at least been one year since its been in force. If this is the case you will need to go to the Mexican Consulate that processes vehicle permits or at one of the borders so you may obtain your vehicle permit.

Here’s the Link to Banjercito to get your TIP Online
https://www.banjercito.com.mx/registroVehiculos/

Good Luck!

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How Long is My Aduana Temporary Import Permit Valid For??
Vistor’s permits, and hence their temporary import permits, are for 180 days, while vehicles temporarily imported under Residente Temporal are allowed to stay in Mexico as long as the visa remains valid.   Under Aduana’s new Nov. 2014 rules: We have no more than the 4 years total allowed on our Residente Temporal permit.  If you have a Residente Temporal visa and renew your INM visa, then your TIP remains valid,  but  you must notify Aduana in writing of the extended/new expiration date for your visa within 15 business days before the TIP expiration date, to preserve your TIP deposit.  When you successfully renew your TIP, Aduana issues you a letter certifying the renewed/extended expiration date for your TIP to carry in your car.   See the section below with an example letter for notifying Aduana of your INM visa’s new expiration date.

*****

Surrendering your Visitors (Visitante) permit by leaving the country forces you to also take the vehicle out at the SAME TIME. Whenever the vehicle leaves Mexico, the owner of the vehicle should stop at Aduana (Banjercito) offices at the border to either get a permit to exit and return multiple times, or have Aduana remove the import-sticker. In reality, people who cross the border frequently, just drive in and out. But if do not get the multiple exit and reentry permit from Aduana, AND you wreck the car outside of Mexico OR sell the car outside of Mexico, you just might lose your right to ever get another temporarily import permit.

SAT has a webpage for checking the current status and expiration date of our Temprorary Import Permits at ~ SAT TIP Vehicle Permit Checker athttps://portalsat.plataforma.sat.gob.mx/…_internet/index.aspx

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Leaving Mexico with a TIP Vehicle and Returning Later – Multiple Exit/Entry Permit
For expats with Residente Temporal permits leaving and re-entering Mexico with their foreign-plated vehicle, there is a Partial Return program (Retorno Parcial). FromAduana’s website (Google Translation): “Banjercito records exit and return information in the system, and it delivers a partial return receipt to the importer, so you can make multiple entries and exits during the term of the permit.“Exiting From and Returning To Mexico for Temporary Permit Vehicles”

The drive-out / drive-back-in dilemma is really common. Hundreds of expats report years of driving out of Mexico without stopping at the border Banjercito office to get their multiple re-entry and exit permit.   Some expats are now writing back to say that their vehicles are NOT allowed back into Mexico, ever.   A few expats w/vehicles under Temporary Permits later write back to say that their vehicles are not allowed back into Mexico, ever.   Of those who write about NOT being allowed to re-enter with the vehicle,  a few report 1-2 years of filing documents with Aduana in failed attempts to get the mess un-knotted.

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Why not just drive out of Mexico, and keep the sticker on my windshield?
Here are a few small cautions about intentionally crossing the border and NOT turning in the Aduana/Banjercito sticker:
~ If your car is stolen NOB, then you are likely screwed forever for bringing another foreign-plated vehicle into Mexico on a Temporary Import Permit.
~ If your car is wrecked – or the windshield smashed while NOB, … you will likely find it very difficult and time-consuming to get the Mex. Gob. to honor your claim for returning the old sticker.
~ If you sell the car abroad, … you will likely find it very difficult and time-consuming to get the Mex. Gob. to honor your claim for returning the old sticker.
~ If you choose to return to Mexico with a different vehicle, … you will likely find it very difficult and time-consuming to get the Mex. Gob. to honor your claim for returning the old sticker.

Keeping those items in mind, I don’t think the choice to turn-in the sticker to Aduana or to keep the sticker is an automatic “gimme” as you leave Mexico.   I suspect some people choose to turn in their stickers to avoid future hassles – and to be allowed to easily drive a different vehicle on a future return. Others come and go with no hassles.   To each his own.

The negative consequences of leaving and a failed attempt to return without the permit:
~ The owner is never allowed to have another foreign-plated vehicle in Mexico under their visa;
~ they have to find a place to store or sell their car/truck in the USA or Canada while they are in Mexico;
~ they have to find alternate transport to their Mexican home;  and
~ if they want to have a car in Mexico, they have to buy car in Mexico, because they aren’t ever allowed to temporarily import a different one under their FMM, FM2, or FM3 again.

Can you live with this set of consequences? Do you like to roll the dice.*
If not, then stop at the Banjercito office at your border crossing and get a multiple exit and re-entry permit (see web address in the article above for details).

*Rolling the dice on INM and Aduana catching ex-pats breaking the rules, had much much better odds in the past, when paper systems ruled these operations, but now in the era of computerized data-bases, I think we will be hearing of much more enforcement of these easily-tracked easily-detected violations.   e.g.  We were just stopped at the intra-state border checkpoint between Q. Roo and Yucatan (near Dziuche), and an Aduana agent there  noted the Texas license place, and required that we show him a current TIP, for him to check the TIP paper permit’s information vs. the windshield sticker and the VIN.  He pointed out that we must keep proof of the current TIP expiration date, plus the permit, plus the sticker in the car, or they could confiscate the vehicle.  See more below about updating the expiration date of the TIP.

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Want to end the “no front license plate” hassles at Retens?
Many foreign vehicles are only issued a single license plate for the back. Having no front plate triggers minor hassles across Mexico, since Mexican police at retens (police checkpoints) frequently pull over vehicles for 5 – 30 minute inspections and document reviews. Solutions? Friends of ours simply took their license plate into a print shop (the kind that makes small signs) and had them create a plastic front plate for about $8. Alternately, you can instead scan your rear plate, print a high quality color copy, and laminate the color copy.

They install the mock plate while in Mexico, and fly through the retens. Is this strictly legal? Well, I would take the mock plate off the vehicle before re-entering the US with the car. Otherwise, there are 100’s of gringos happily motoring – with no reports of problems over the past 7 years that we have been tracking this issue.

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Mexican Customs Law Governing Expat Vehicle Operation and Temporary Importations:
The main part of Mexican Customs Law (Ley Aduanera) that covers expat driving and importation issues is Article 106, and the Operations Manual for Temporarily Imported Vehicles, page 45, Sec. 17-17.4 (“Manual Importacion de Vehiculos” and the section describing how your car’s permission to stay follows some changes in Immigration status:Obligación de registrar y retornar el vehículo)

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

What does Article 106 Say about Keeping Your Aduana/Banjercito TIP From Expiring?  . . .Just Who is Allowed to Drive My TIP Car
Article 106 basically says two things:

  • Your car registration is valid as long as your Visitante or Residente Temporal INM permit is valid – AS LONG AS YOU HAVE NO BREAKS, NO FINES, AND NO CHANGES IN INM STATUS – which means NO MORE THAN 4 years TOTAL;   and
  • It describes who is allowed to drive your car. (see below)

Article 106 allows foreigners to temporarily import a car into Mexico for the duration of the registered importer’s immigration status: e.g. 180 day Visitante visa gives 180 days for their car;   Residente Temporal permit holders have the 365 days (or until their RT permit expires) for their car (plus any extensions or re-applications)   – BUT you MUST notify Aduana whenever you  change status  on your new INM permit,  or renew the INM permit,  or change addresses in Mexico:  reporting the new status and new expiration date (or change in address)- in person and in writing at your local Aduana office.**

If you imported your car after  after  June 2011,  then you MUST notify Aduana every time you  renew  your new INM permit,  reporting the new expiration date  –  in person and in writing at your local Aduana office before 15 days after your old expiration date – or you lose your deposit.  Note that some people have had success reporting their new expiration dates to the Aduana D.F. address listed below, but the timing gets dicey to get the notification reported in time to save any Banjercito deposits you made.

Note that airport Aduana offices DO NOT  generally handle this.

It is also worth noting that:

  1. The car import sticker is valid as long as the holder’s Visa remains valid, up to 4 years total, regardless of the expiration date shown on the import sticker, unless you have breaks or fines on your INM permit or change INM permit status. Residente Temporal period = Vehicle’s approved period.   This all works fine, but you put your Bajercito deposit at risk if you do not notify Aduana annually of INM visa renewals or changes in your visa. ~ See instructions below on how to do this.
  2. Article 106 of the Customs Law (Subsection IV) tells us that  Temporarily Imported vehicles may be driven within Mexico by a foreigner who has an approved type of INM permit**,   by his or her spouse,   their parents  or descendants (children), and… even when the latter are not foreigners: A TIP car  can also be driven by a Mexican,  as long as one of the persons authorized to drive the vehicle travels with him or her in the car.   **Temporarily Imported vehicles can be driven by other foreigners with the same INM permit/(visa) type.
  3.  All temporary import permit holders are required to notify the Mexican Customs office of renewals of your INM permit within 15 days of the expiration date, in person and in writing.   IF YOU MADE A CASH DEPOSIT TO REGISTER YOUR CAR or if you made a credit card deposit after June 11, 2011, you will automatically forfeit the deposit if you do not file early*. This notification (including copies of the vehicle permit and copies of the renewed Visa) is made by taking a letter to your Aduana office describing your name, INM visa type, the new expiration date for renewals, NUT, address, your passport, your driver’s license, your comprabante, and the car’s information, along with copies of “everything” – including the 3 copies of this notification letter – all submitted AT LEAST 15 days of the visa change or visa renewal. * Because the Aduana systems do not currently rapidly update the Banjercito data bases, Banjercito border employees are saying to start your INM renewal as soon as possible (30 days before the expiration date) and they encourage TIP holders to notify Aduana in person, in writing of the new expiration at LEAST A WEEK before the expiration date (Fecha de Caducidad) and hopefully 2 weeks before the expiration date on your Residente Temporal card, if you want to preserve your deposit.
  4. Aduana’s practices appear to have recently changed, where the Progreso Aduana office is now telling expats with Resident Temporal visas that they must keep an approved copy in the car of the renewal notification letter they give to Aduana when they have renewed or changed their visa with INM.
  5.  Sidelight:  Before the Aduana Nov. 2014 New Manual, this used to cause a possible problem for people with TIP cars imported before June 2011:   Since we were required to only notify Aduana of changes in INM permit status (e.g. FM3 to FM2),  then we likely did not have a letter showing your TIP’s current actual expiration date.  ~ Some people who are only renewing their INM permits, and then go on only later to notify Aduana D.F. (by mail) of the new expiration date,  are being allowed to extend that TIP expiration date, even if they forgot in the past.   Will this leniency continue?  … lo no se …

How to Check the Expiration Date and Status of a Temporary Import Permit on a Foreign Plated Car:
Aduana’s web site has a website now to to check vehicle temporary import permits online. Use your temporary import permit number or VIN number and passport number to get details of the permit issuance date and expiration date. ~ SAT TIP Vehicle Permit Checker

For vehicles registered after June 11, 2011, regal 4.2.7 states:
“In order to guarantee that this regal does not terminate your temporary import permit, then within 15 (BUSINESS) days after the date on which your (previous INM permit expires)  IMN permit is granted an extension or re-approval, or change in immigration status, you must present in writing, at any Aduana office in the country or ACOA, a letter describing the circumstances and expiration date of your new permit, attaching a copy of proof of such proceedings and the vehicle import permit ”

====================================================================

Example Letter Notifying Aduana of changes-in or renewals-to your INM Visa
Here is a pdf form from Aduana/SAT – on page 41 – to officially inform them of the change in your INM permit’s expiration date – note that it loads very slowly.
ftp://ftp2.sat.gob.mx/aduanas/2012/vehiculos/Manual_importacion_temporal_vehiculos.pdf

Administración General de Aduanas
Administración Central de Operación Aduanera
Administración de Operación Aduanera “3”
Av. Hidalgo No. 77, Módulo IV, 1° piso, Del. Cuauhtémoc
Col. Guerrero, C.P. 06300, México D.F.

Be sure to have your extension request ARRIVE at an Aduana office before 15 days after you receive your INM permit renewal .

ALTERNATE LETTER:

Your Location and Today’s Date
Lic. ______   _______
(For Progreso Aduana Office: use Mariano Bueno Guerrero)

Administrador de la Aduana
de _______ (city of your Aduana office),  _____________, (your State)

For Progreso, use:
Administrador de la Aduana de Progreso

Presente,
Por este medio la gue suscribe _______ (your last name), ____ _____ (first and middle names), pasaporte no. __________________ (enter passport number), notifico a esa autoridad aduanera mi:  “cambio migratorio de ingreso a Mexico” (for changes in visa status) or “cambio de fecha de caucidad a _______ (enter your new visa expiration date)  de mi  Residente Temporal de NUT  ______ (your NUT number from your RT application), esto a fin de esa autoridad esta notificada y se me de una extension de permanencia de mi vehiculo.

Mi dirección es:
(enter your address and official postal code)

Mi número de teléfono es: (enter your telephone number)

Mi información de coche es:
Marca:
Modelo:
Con VIN:

Entrego para constancia copias de:
1. Permiso temporal de vehiculo
2. Pasaporte (first 2 pages)
3. Cambio migratorio nuevo  (or)  Renovación de mi permiso INM
4. Comprobante domiciliario

Atentamente,
_____   _____  (Your Signature)
_____ _____ (Your Printed Name)

Note that some Aduana offices now have their own pre-printed forms for you fill out.   If you cannot get to an Aduana office, you can try sending your information to the Aduana D.F. office at:

Administración General de Aduanas
Administración Central de Operación Aduanera
Administración de Operación Aduanera “3”
Av. Hidalgo No. 77, Módulo IV, 1° piso, Del. Cuauhtémoc
Col. Guerrero, C.P. 06300, México D.F.

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After you submit this letter for notifying Aduana/Banjercito that your visa status or visa expiration date has changed, Aduana will approve your letter/application and they will either:

~ ask you to return to their office in a few days (typically 2), to pick up one of the (now approved) copies of your letter (since you gave them the original and 2 copies) to keep in your car to show the Police during any future stops;

~ Aduana de Progreso no longer approves these TIP expiration date extensions requests locally, as of April 21, 2013.  They send your request to Aduana DF, who approves the extension of the TIP expiration date.

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What to Carry in Your TIP Car to Avoid Unnecessary Hassles:
There have been many reports on the internet of Mexican police rejecting/challenging ex-pat drivers’ claims that their sticker expiration date is the same as their RT permit’s exp. date, so, we suggest you keep the following items in your car:
~ A copy of Sec. 17-14.4
~ A copy of Article 106 in both Spanish and English (Spanish for the Police to read, see below)
~ The Aduana approved copy of your letter notifying Aduana of any visa status or visa expiration date changes;   and
~ A copy of the Visa and passaport of the expat to whom the Temporary Import permit was issued.

Here are a few other things to carry in the car, that really help (are necessary?) if / when the Mexican police stop you:

  1. ~ A copy of Article 106 AND Sec. 17-17.4 (Go to Article 106 below) in both Spanish and English (Spanish for the Police to read)
  2. ~ The Aduana approved copy of this year’s Aduana letter describing your TIP’s current expiration date, (which matches your INM permit expiration date).   I
  3. ~ A copy of the INM Visa/Permit and passaporte of the expat to whom the Temporary Import permit was issued.
  4. ~ Copies of all documents (including the paper permit) that were issued with the car’s Mexican importation sticker.

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When Should I Notify Aduana of Renewals of My INM Immigration Permit?
In another twist of the regulations, you must notify Aduana in person with a simple letter and supporting documents, formally notifying Aduana within 15 business days of your renewal of your RT (Residente Temporal permit: “prórroga”  or renovación (extension or renewal of your INM permit), so, Aduana can change the temporary status of your vehicle in their computer records.

Since June 2010, foreigners with TIPs must notify Aduana each time they renew their INM permit, or when they exchange their FMM & consulate preauthorization for a Residente Temporal card.   THE Nov. 2014 CHANGE: ~ Aduana now allows us to send them our INM renewal notice EARLY.   Aduana now requires  either  the copy of the new INM card OR  ~ the NUT number ~ OR INM’s printed resolution authorizing the new card.  INM’s printed “resolution”  authorizing the new card is the paper they give you when you are approved for fingerprinting – because when we receive this INM “resolution”, it means  we are formally approved for the visa.     (Item 2.4)

Ironically, the INM “resolution” document only has your NUT printed on it, and does notshow your name or any personal identifying information.

This means we can now notify Aduana early – before receiving our INM card – using the 2 INM papers we get while processing our new INM visa (renewal) application.  If you have a TIP:   SAVE  that INM paper with the NUT number,  and  SAVE   that INM paper that approves you for fingerprinting.

Even though the new SAT/Aduana rules say we can use just the NUT,  savvy travelers note that it’s best to use both INM papers to renew your TIP:   If Aduana receives our request to renew out TIP with just the NUT paper, there can be a problem if Aduana checks the INM records before INM finishes approving your application.  When we have both INM’s  NUT paper and the notification of approval for fingerprinting, we have cleared that final key INM hurdle.

To avoid losing your deposit, good immigration attorneys are having their clients file their Aduana vehicle notification the very day they are notified they can place fingerprints, including a copy of the notification, as well as the pdf notification with no personal information.

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Documentos necesarios para comprobar la calidad migratoria Para Extranjeros:
Official list of documents for notifying Aduana of your new/changed INM visa information:

Original y copia de su identificación oficial vigente la cual puede ser:
Tarjeta de residencia emitida por la autoridad migratoria en el extranjero
Pasaporte:  Passport Card
Enhaced Driver License and ID Card (EDL/ID)
Certificado de naturalización emitido por el Departamento de Justicia de los Estados Unidos de América
La documentación expedida por el Instituto Nacional de Migración que acredite su calidad migratoria autorizada para el trámite. ”

If you need to contact the Mexico City Aduana office listed in the previous letter, a dedicated reader further reports on June 28, 2012:

The guy to speak to now ( and as he himself said … when the govt’ comes in with the new President a lot of people might lose their jobs to croniism ) is ” ANDRES AGUILAR ” … who speaks good English and he can be reached at the same main Aduana number, then press 7,2,1,1 and ask for extension 49584 to reach him directly.
Also if you run into blank looks at a regional Aduana Office ask them to call him and he will explain what they have to do.”

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Leaving Mexico with the Vehicle:
When you leave Mexico with the vehicle imported under a Visitor Visa (Visitante), the sticker must be removed-by and retained -by the Mexican Customs Authorities. If you do not have them remove the sticker, and have them register the exit of your vehicle from Mexico, then their computer tracking will not allow you to bring in any future vehicles, as there is only one vehicle allowed per visa/person – and their computer system will show that you already have a vehicle in Mexico – as tracked by both your INM permit number and your passport number.

When you leave Mexico with the vehicle imported under a Residente Temporal No Inmigrante or Inmigrante Rentista (FM3 Rentista or FM2 Rentista) orResidente Temporal, you have to decide if you are returning to Mexico with the vehicle later or if you will not return the vehicle to Mexico. If you are NOT returning the vehicle to Mexico later, the sticker must be removed-by and retained -by the Banjercito (Banking side of Mexican Customs Authorities). If you do not have them remove the sticker, and have them register the exit of your vehicle from Mexico, then their computer tracking will not allow you to bring in any future vehicles, as there is only one vehicle allowed per visa/person – and their computer system will show that you already have a vehicle in Mexico.

Be SURE to keep the copy of the document they give you certifying that your old TiP was officially cancelled, allowing you to easily bring in another fresh TIP vehicle later.

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Partial Returns Program: Multiple Exit and Re-Entry Permit Program:
For expats with FM3’s or FM2 Rentista or Residente Temporal permits leaving and re-entering Mexico with their vehicle, there is a Partial Return program. From Aduana’swebsite (Google Translation): “Banjercito records exit and return information in the system, and it delivers a partial return receipt to the importer, so you can make multiple entries and exits during the term of the permit.“Exiting From and Returning To Mexico for Temporary Permit Vehicles”

Specifics: Remember the Banjercito office you registered your car at when you entered? When you are leaving Mexico, you need to return to a BANJERCITO office at border crossing when you are crossing back into the USA with the vehicle. They will check your vehicle & your Temporary Import Permit, and log your vehicle into their computer system as having exited Mexico officially. Banjercito gives you a return certificate to document the change. As with all similar papers, keep this receipt for when you drive back into Mexico in the future (proof that you are allowed to bring another vehicle into Mexico, since the prior vehicle was not left in Mexico).

~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~    ~

Whom to Call With Permit Problems
On the off chance that you drove out of Mexico without canceling the permit, then youmust return with the car with the Mexican Aduana sticker intact. If that is not possible, it takes special actions and months to years of Mexican Gob. actions to clear up the mess. (A good friend from Louisiana reports that it took her over a year to unknot the problems…) At last word, you can call 1 877 448 8728 from the USA or Canada for more information (in Spanish of course). You can then file a formal written request to document your proof that the vehicle cannot be brought back to the Mexican border to:
Administración General de Aduanas
Administración Central de Operación Aduanera
Administración de Operación Aduanera “3”
Av. Hidalgo No. 77, Módulo IV, 1° piso, Del. Cuauhtémoc
Col. Guerrero, C.P. 06300, México D.F.

If you need to contact the Mexico City Aduana office, a dedicated reader further reports on June 28, 2012:

The guy to speak to now ( and as he himself said … when the govt’ comes in with the new President a lot of people might lose their jobs to croniism ) is ” ANDRES AGUILAR ” … who speaks good English and he can be reached at the same main Aduana number, then press 7,2,1,1 and ask for extension 49584 to reach him directly.
Also if you run into blank looks at a regional Aduana Office ask them to call him and he will explain what they have to do.”

If you choose this route, here are the basics of what’s needed (Note: this is only if you drove out without registering the vehicle’s exit, and cannot take the vehicle back to the border due to vehicle’s sale, accident, theft, loss in a divorce settlement etc.):
– A notarized letter that explains precisely why you cannot bring the vehicle to the border (in Spanish) and describing the current legal / physical status of the vehicle.
– Copies of the title & registration you used when you took the vehicle into Mexico.
– Your original permit from Banjercito & the sticker from the vehicle (plus a foto of the VIN is very helpful).
– Sufficient documentation to prove your claim of: sale of vehicle, accident, loss in a divorce settlement, theft. Fotos of accidents/total wreck, police reports, official bills of sale – notarized, copies of divorce papers, insurance company reports, etc and other documents that prove your claim are usually necessary. Some past claimants have found that fotos of a wrecked vehicle showing the sticker intact were helpful.
– Your current contact information: home address, phone & e-mail.

Does all this make it clear why it’s worth it to remember to stop and register your vehicle’s exit from Mexico, and let the Aduana folks remove the sticker?
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Leaving Mexico without your Vehicle Registered when you have an FMM:(Hint: Don’t)
If you entered Mexico with a valid Resident Temporal, then there are no issues with you traveling out of Mexico without the vehicle. If, however, you enter Mexico on an FMM, and get a TIP for your car, then you must only leave Mexico with the vehicle – driving out. The vehicle’s permit sticker has control numbers associated with your FMM, and when you leave the country (e.g. by flying), then when you depart Mexico, they take/cancel your old FMM.

When you re-enter Mexico, they issue a new FMM, and the number on the new FMM will not correspond to the control number on your car’s sticker, which will potentially cause big problems when you attempt to leave Mexico with the vehicle.

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What to Do If Your Car Becomes “Illegal” – The Safe Returns Program / Permit:
If your car becomes illegal due to visa changes, visa’s expiring, or whatever reason, you can apply for a free temporary permit that gives you 3-5 days to remove the vehicle from Mexico.   You can get one of these permits from the SAT/Hacienda office in MEXICO CITY … due to significant changes in Aduana-SAT policies in Nov. 2015:

UPDATE:   The official forms for the new  Retorno Seguro permit procedure can be found here:
http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5416019&fecha=19/11/2015

The application form is half way down the DOF web page:
Solicitud de autorizacion para el retorno de vehiculos extranjeros con permiso de importacion temporal de vehiculos vencidos, de conformidad con la regla 4.2.20

According to Jessica Amaya Lopez ( ~ 01-55-12-03-1000 ext 47691 ~) here is the current procedure:

Complete the form and send copies of these documents to the address below:
1. Passport
2. Utility bill 90 days in any name which will be address used for courier
3. Driver’s License (Mexican, Canadian or American)
4. Visa front and back
5. Vehicle Title
6. Receipt proving payment of the original Temporary Import Permit
7. Permiso de Importacion Vencido (the original paper document that also contained your windshield permit)

If someone else is going to represent you in presenting the documents in Mexico City you need a copy of the representatives ID along with a letter from title holder in Spanish saying you authorize this person to represent you.

If a person other than vehicle owner will be driving the car in the accompanying letter you must state their full name as on their passport and provide a copy of their Drivers license ID.

Address:
Av. Paseo de la Reforma #10, Piso 26
Col. Tabacalera C.P. 06030
Delegacion Cuahutemoc
Mexico City, D.F.

ATTN: Lic. Sylvia Marcela Robles Romo
Administradora Central de Apoyo
Juridico de Auditoria de Comercio Exterior

The Retorno Seguro permit is still free.   Aduana-SAT takes about 6-8 weeks The Mexico City office then sends it to your local SAT office.  According to Jessica Amaya Lopez ~ 01-55-12-03-1000 ext 47691 ~ Your local SAT office then sends the permit to your address, all by courier.

Or, a person can go to Mexico City and make the application themself – with no need for a power of attorney.
===================================
Nov. 27, 2015
According to a very-good report by Mexican Lawyer Lic. Spencer McMullen:     Aduana – SAT is no longer processing Retorno Seguro applications in the regional Aduana-SAT offices. They have shifted the process to their Mexico City office, and RAISED & changed at least 8 requirements.

For readers who don’t know about Retorno Seguro permits, they are the permit we use to legally take ANY foreign-plated  vehicle out of Mexico – like when our TIPs expire … or when we convert to Residente Permanente visas and can no longer have a TIP vehicle.

Here’s Spencer’s latest report:
“We went to present another retorno seguro on Tuesday of this week (November 24, 2015) and had it rejected.

The rules changed and the new ones took effect Monday, November 23, 2015.  (Aduana-SAT) will now only accept them in Mexico City,  and only after they receive all the papers.    There are new forms and they now require the vehicle titles to be translated officially into Spanish.   Aduana-SAT now has 15 business days to respond and  ~ The new requirements stipulate that the applicant or their legal representative must personallypick up the retorno seguro  permit in Mexico City.

Prior to this we were getting them done at the SAT offices in Guadalajara and Zapopan, and we usually would be able to turn them around in 3 to 5 business days from the time the person signed papers at our office.  Now the cost will be much higher and logistically it will be more difficult for people to plan their trips as they will need to submit the papers week in advance and not have much idea of when the retorno seguro permit will arrive (as the permit is only good for 5 business days),  needing to be ready to go at a moments notice for a few weeks.

Effectively this will stop all  retorno seguros  (for 2015) as the holidays are coming soon, (government offices will be closed)  and the delay in getting permits may be longer until we get a handle on how thy will apply the new regulations.

SAT-Aduana also now want   proof of address,   but what if a person rents?

They also now want a notarized power of attorney, so now people will pay extra for that … plus they now ask people to attach their tourist visa:   What if they are Mexican or temporal or permanentes?

We must also now provide a copy of the Banjercito receipt:  What if nobody kept it, as most people throw them away?

We will file a complaint with PRODECON, as this new policy will wreak havoc and make it difficult if not impossible for people to comply and if they can then the cost will be thousands of pesos extra.    For now we are trying to sort out the new regulation and things that they did not provide for so that we can give people answers and help ease them into the new system.

4.2.20.          Para efectos de lo dispuesto en el artículo 183, fracción II, segundo párrafo de la Ley, los propietarios de vehículos de procedencia extranjera que hayan sido importados o internados temporalmente a territorio nacional en términos de las reglas 3.4.6. y 4.2.7., y cuyo plazo para el retorno haya vencido, podrán presentar una solicitud mediante escrito libre en los términos de la regla 1.2.2., utilizando el formato “Solicitud de autorización para el retorno de vehículos extranjeros con permiso de importación temporal de vehículos vencidos, de conformidad con la regla 4.2.20.”, ante la ACAJACE, cumpliendo con lo establecido en su instructivo de trámite.
El beneficio señalado en la presente regla, no será aplicable cuando la autoridad haya iniciado el ejercicio de facultades de comprobación.

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~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

IMPORTANT RULES FOR OPERATING FOREIGN PLATED CARS IN MEXICO:
Article 106     and   Manual de Operación para la Importación Temporal de Vehículos y Motocicletas: Article 17 Sec. 17 17.1 & 17.4
Many people who drive across and around Mexico in their Temporary Import Permit cars swear-by keeping a copy of Article 106 (of the Customs Law) and Article 17-17.4 (of the Aduana Operations Manual), because many/most Mexican Police do not know the rules.

Here are a copies to print and carry in the car:

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Que Se Entiende Por Régimen De Importación Temporal
ARTICULO 106 de la Ley Aduanera
Se entiende por régimen de importación temporal, la entrada al país de mercancías para permanecer en el por tiempo limitado y con una finalidad especifica, siempre que retornen al extranjero en el mismo estado, por los siguientes plazos.

ARTICULO 106. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Fracción IV.        Por el plazo que dure su condición de estancia, incluyendo sus renovaciones, en los términos y condiciones que establezca el Servicio de Administración Tributaria mediante reglas, en los siguientes casos:

a)    Las de vehículos propiedad de extranjeros que se internen al país, con la condición de estancia de visitante y residente temporal, siempre que se trate de un solo vehículo.

Los vehículos podrán ser conducidos en territorio nacional por el importador, su cónyuge, sus ascendientes, descendientes o hermanos, aun cuando éstos no sean extranjeros, por un extranjero que tenga alguna de las condiciones de estancia a que se refiere este inciso, o por un nacional, siempre que en este último caso, viaje a bordo del mismo cualquiera de las personas autorizadas para conducir el vehículo y podrán efectuar entradas y salidas múltiples.

Los vehículos a que se refiere este inciso, deberán cumplir con los requisitos que señale el Reglamento.

b)    Los menajes de casa de mercancía usada propiedad de residente temporal y residente temporal estudiante, siempre y cuando cumplan con los requisitos que establezca el Reglamento y el Servicio de Administración Tributaria mediante reglas.

Ley Aduanera 9/12/2013 D.O.F.

http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5324941&fecha=09/12/2013

Ley Aduanera:  Dec. 9, 2013 http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/12.pdf

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Aduana Manual de Operación para la Importación Temporal de Vehículos y Motocicletas:
“Articulo 17:
Fracciónes  17.1 & 17.4,
17.- El plazo para retornar los vehiculos que hubieran sido importados temporalmente al amparo de las calidades migratorias señaladas en la ley, será el de la vigencia de la calidad migratoria, sus prórrogas, apliaciones o refrendos otorgados a dichas calidades migratorial conforme a Ley de la materia.

17.1.- Para estos efectos la prórroga de la vigencia del permiso de importación temporal del vehiculo se acreditará con el documento oficial que emita la autoridad migratoria, sin que se requira autorización de las autoridades aduaneras; en este caso, el permiso de importación temporal se mantendrá vigente aún y cuando el importador haya obtenido cambio en la calidad migratoria de no inmigrante a inmigrante rentista, (Residente Temporal), siempre que exista continuidad en las calidades migratorias.

17.4.- En caso de que el trámite de importación temporal se haya efectuado mediante tarjeta bancaria, y la documentación esté completa, el responsable del CIITEV de la aduana que corresponda, procederá a informa al interesado que no es necesario la presentación de dicho aviso, en virtud de que su vehiculo se encuentra legal en el territorio nacional mientras continúe vigente su calidad migratoria, incluyendo sus prórrogas, ampliaciones o refrendos.”
Aduana Manual de Operación para la Importación Temporal de Vehículos y Motocicletas: “Articulo 17: Fracciónes 17.1 & 17.4

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English copies of the Ley Aduanera Article 106 and

the Manual de Operación para la Importación Temporal de Vehículos y Motocicletas: Sec. 17: 17.1 & 17.4

Customs Law: Temporary Vehicle Importation Regulations

Ley Aduanera  ARTICLE 106.

Temporary importation is understood as the entry of merchandise into the country, which will remain in it for a limited period of time and for a specific purpose, so long as it is returned abroad in the same condition. The former applies for the following term:

PART IV. For the term of his or her migratory status, including extensions, in the following cases: Vehicles owned by tourists, visitors, local visitors and distinguished visitors, students, and immigrants who are tenants, whenever said vehicles are their own, excepting tourists and local visitors. When the vehicles are not their own, requirements established within the regulations must be met. Such vehicles may be driven within the national territory by a foreigner –the importer holding one of the migratory status referred to in this paragraph, by his or hers spouse, parents or descendants, even when the latter are not foreigners: and by a Mexican as long as one of the persons authorized to drive the vehicle travels with him or her in the car.
Vehicles referred to in this section must meet the requirements pointed out in the regulations.

Aduana Manual de Operación para la Importación Temporal de Vehículos y Motocicletas: Sec. 17 17.1 & 17.4
17.- The deadline to return the vehicles [that] had been imported temporarily under immigration grades defined by law, this means the effect of immigration status, extensions, or endorsements given to these qualities migratorial [types of immigration status] under the Act.

17.1.- For this purpose an extension of the duration of the temporary import permit of the vehicle will be credited with an official document issued by the immigration authorities, without the required authorization of the customs authorities, in this case, the temporary import permit will remain valid even and when the importer has obtained the change in immigration status of No Inmigrante to Inmigrante Rentista, (Residente Temporal) provided there is continuity in the immigration status.

17.4 .- If the temporary importation procedure has been made by credit card, and the documentation is complete, the head of CIITEV of the customs office, shall inform the person concerned that it is not necessary to submit such notice, which is required for those with a cash deposit guarantee (referring to paragraphs 17.2 and 17.3], under as their vehicle is legal in the country while their immigration status remains in place, including extensions, extensions or endorsements.

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Here are a few other things to carry in the car, that really help (are necessary?) if / when the Mexican police stop you:

  1. All original documents that were issued with the car’s Mexican importation sticker.
  2. A copy of the visa associated with the car’s sticker: FMM, FM2, or FM3.
  3. A copy of the passport associated with the car’s sticker.
  4. A copies of Article 106 & Sec. 17-17.4 (shown above).

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What Happens if Your Foreign Plated Car is Stolen? … …. SURPRISE ! @#%&***!!
If your foreign plated car is stolen in Mexico, you owe Aduana a 40% tax (as the Import tax) for not being able to take the car out of Mexico, as you agreed-to when you got your Temporary Import permit. Aduana instituted this fee because past expats would dump their foreign plated cars that they did not want to take back to the border, and then claim that “My car was stolen.” to get around the Aduana requirements.

If you choose to not pay the tax, you forfeit your future rights to Temporarily Import another car and drive it here with foreign plates.
http://www.aduanas.gob.mx/aduana_mexico/2008/vehiculos/141_11258.html

*    *    *    *    *    *    *

Advantages and Disadvantages of Permanently Importing a NAFTA Vehicle into Mexico vs. Getting a Temporary Import Permit (TIP)

Here are a few less-than-complete thoughts about the advantages and disadvantages of Nationalizing (Importaciones definitivas de automóvilies usuados) a NAFTA Vehicle vs Temporary Import Permits (Permiso de Importación Temporal de Vehículos) (Importación temporal de vehículos):
~ Temporary Import Permits (TIP) require the owner to make annual pilgrimages to the local Aduana office to get their annual letter, certifying their new updated expiration date.
~ TIPs cause some police to hassle some drivers over whether their TIP is still valid (unexpired).
~ Anyone is allowed to drive a Nationalized car, while there are significant restrictions on who is permitted to drive a TIP car.
~ If the TIP car is stolen in Mexico, then the owner may be on the hook for rather wicked 40% taxes/fees of the car’s value.

What Happens if Your Foreign Plated Car is Stolen? … …. SURPRISE ! @#%&***!!
~ With many insurance companies, you must keep the Aduana TIP valid/unexpired, to keep your insurance protection in force.
~ If you lose you TIP paper document, it requires a trip to the border to cancel/surrender the old TIP and about 4 hours of hassles to get a new replacement TIP, plus paying for the deposit.
~ TIPs require $100’s dollars deposit on the vehicle, and Banjercito does sometimes play games in refunding the TIP deposits, particularly if you did not notify them of your new INM permit expiration date before the expiration date.
~ If you accidentally forget to renew your INM permit on time (surprisingly common based on internet reports),  then  your TIP may become invalid, requiring a trip to the border.
~ TIP cars do NOT have to pay annual State tenencias (no annual ownership taxes).
~ Permanently imported vehicles may have to pay annual State tenencias. (States may waive/exempt the tenencia if the vehicle is old or cheap – or if it is a pick-up truck. We have lots of Ricos driving Lincoln pickups, as a tax dodge – since these luxurious Lincoln Mark IV’s never see anything in the bed nor ever haul a load.)
~ TIP cars are frequently stopped at police and military retenes , while nationalized cars are waved through.
~ If you leave Mexico, with the TIP sticker on your windshield, then you can have a year’s worth of hassles resolving the lost sticker if:

the car is stolen,
the car is wreaked or
the car is sold.

~ Nationalized vehicles can be bought and sold easily inside Mexico, while TIP cars are expressly forbidden from being sold or transferred.
~ If the TIP car is lost, wrecked, or stolen inside Mexico, canceling the TIP with Aduana generally requires a letter from a Notario and documentation, and possibly trips to Aduana to get the document proving that the TIP has been canceled.
~ Nationalizing vehicles costs money, and a one day or 2 day trip to your State DMV to register and get plates.
~ Many states require a 1 day annual trip to the State DMV to renew the registration of nationalized cars (though Yucatan just eliminated this requirement).
~ We get regular comments/questions from gringos who leave their TIP vehicle in Mexico, while going back NOB. Many times these migrants run into problems if they get sick, hospitalized, etc and cannot return to Mexico to do the annual Aduana TIP dance.
~ We know more than a few people who either must leave Mexico or the owner dies, and their TIP car is then stranded in Mexico with very few options.
~ If the TIP car dies in Mexico, it generally requires canceling the TIP, and sending Aduana a special letter from a Notario certifying that the vehicle has no value and has been scrapped.
~ TIP cars can be any make or model (FUN), while nationalized vehicles must be NAFTA manufactured. i.e. We had to swap our very sweet Nissan Maxima for a Sentra when moving here, because the Maxima is of Nippon origin.
~ Only 8, 9, and 10 year old vehicles, or classic cars, can be nationalized for modest taxes/duties.
~ Other newer nationalized vehicles are hit with steep taxes/duties (non 8-10 year old used vehicles are charged a 50% duty on the new list price, while new cars pay a 30% duty??**), when nationalizing them vs. only the Banjercito deposit of a few $100’s dollars for a TIP car.
**US Dept of Commerce 2011 Compilation of Foreign Motor Vehicle Import Requirements

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I Can’t Take My TIP Car to the Border and I Want to Donate It to Aduana
There are provisions in the Ley Aduanera (Article 61, Fraccion XVII) Ley Aduanera 2012 for destroying unwanted TIP (Temporary Import Permit) vehicles at SAT authorized destruction sites, if you cannot take them back to the border.

SAT published new rules on Authorized Destruction (Scrapping) of Temporarily Imported (TIP) Vehicles this February.  There are now official SAT authorized sites for disposing of unwanted TIP autos, as listed below.   Unfortunately,  there are none in the Yucatan,  but the State of Mexico is well supplied.

http://www.sat.gob.mx/terceros_autorizados/centros_destruccion/Paginas/centros_destruccion_vehiculos.aspx

After we have scrapped a TIP car (at our $$ cost ) then we deliver proof to SAT of the vehicle’s authorized destruction … per page 56, anexo 5 :

http://www.sat.gob.mx/informacion_fiscal/normatividad/Documents/manual_importacion_vehiculos.pdf

After completing these steps, we can bring in another TIP vehicle … and if all is done properly, we potentially protect our previous TIP deposit.

 

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Effects of Having a TIP for a Foreign Plated Car When You Apply For Residency at a Consulate:
People who have foreign plated vehicles with old TIPs (Temporary Import Permits) should realize that if they apply with Mexican Consulates to either get Residente Permanente orResidente Temporal, the Consulates have the ability to check your Mexican Government computerized records. If the Consulate finds you have an old moldy TIP on your record (which turns up when they search your name and passport number), they can reject your Residency application and force you to go back to Mexico and first cancel-out/surrender the old TIP. If you have lost the original paper copy of the TIP or if you have a trailer on the TIP, then the process of cancelling the TIP gets even messier:  Unexpected Effects of Having a Trailer with Your Car’s Temporary Import Permit (TIP)  and  Updates to Aduana, INM & Banjercito Procedures for Visas and Importing Cars .

These issues point to the potential importance of:
~ Not losing the original paper copy of the TIP.

~ Surrendering your TIP on a foreign-plated vehicle before going to a Consulate to apply for Residency.

~  Bringing along any trailer that is “attached” to the original TIP, when cancelling a TIP.  and

~  Stop at INM every time you drive out, and have INM register your exit.***

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Issues When Leaving Mexico with a Pending INM Application using an INM Temporary Exit -Exit/Re-entry Permission Letter:
***Note that when you get a Letter from INM permitting you to leave Mexico for up to 180 days, that letter expires in 60 days, so you must officially leave Mexico within 60 days of the letter’s issuance date. If you drive out of Mexico without registering your exit with INM, then the 60 day clock is still ticking – and you must then return to your INM office within 60 days – and you effectively lose the 180 day grace period. This means you should make the effort to find an open INM office when you drive out, and have them record your exit from Mexico, to qualify for the 180 day permission.

It is important to do these things properly, otherwise, you may have to start the wholeResidente Permanente or Residente Temporal process all-over-again – re-paying full fees (no credits).

Also note that : If you have already successfully turning in your ID fotos, been fingerprinted, and paid for your Residente Permanente or Residente Temporal, you can give a Carta de Poder letter to a trusted friend or family member, granting them permission to pick up your new Tarjeta de Residencia when it is ready. They then send you your new Residency by DHL or UPS, while you are still in Canada or the USA – and you then turn in your INM letter when you renter Mexico using your new Residency Card.

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Still Have Questions About Importing a Vehicle into Mexico?
Why not call Aduana there and ask them?       Check out the official map of Aduana offices, along with their contact information, hours of operation, and addresses at: Map of Aduanas del Pais   to get current contact information for ALL Aduana offices across Mexico.

The latest SAT / Aduana Manual of Rules for temporarily importing cars can be found at: http://www.sat.gob.mx/informacion_fiscal/normatividad/Documents/manual_importacion_vehiculos.pdf

Note:  Since dealing with Temporary Import Permits involves using Banjercito, you can check this SAT reference to check the applicable Banjercito sucursales office hours etc:SAT -Directory of Banjercito Locations for Importing Cars

Also check out the Aduana webpages on Permanent Importation of Vehicles:
Importaciones definitivas de automóviles usados
http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/aduana_mexico/2008/vehiculos/141_10173.html ,
http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/aduana_mexico/2008/vehiculos/141_10268.html , and
Link to the Mexican Govt’s Official VIN Checker to get Import Duties
http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5324941&fecha=09/12/2013

Ley Aduanera:  Dec. 9, 2013 http://www.diputados.gob.mx/LeyesBiblio/pdf/12.pdf

Web link for SAT rules on Classic cars (over 29 yrs old):
http://www.sat.gob.mx/aduanas/vehiculos/importaciones_autosusados/Paginas/vehiculos_clasicos.aspx

SAT Website to check VINs of imported vehicles:  to see if a car was successfully imported: http://www2.repuve.gob.mx:8080/ciudadania/servletconsulta http://www.repuve.gob.mx/  and this Aduana website for pedimentos: http://www.aduanas.sat.gob.mx/soianet/oia_consultarap_cep.aspx CONSULTA RÁPIDA DE PEDIMENTO ESPECÍFICO

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*** There are good updates and more detailed information flowing in on a Mexconnect thread on these topics at: Updates on INM Procedures and Aduana & Banjercito Procedures

Happy Trails,
steve

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Please Continue to Make Comments and Replies to Help Keep This Information Current!
Disclaimer: This information is not meant as legal advice. It is for educational and informational purposes only. Government policies vary between States and offices, and Mexican Government officials have broad discretion in how they individually enforce policies, so, your personal experiences may vary. See a professional for advice on important issues.

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Feel free to copy while giving proper attribution: YucaLandia/Surviving Yucatan.
© Steven M. Fry
Read-on MacDuff . . .

 

 

Administración Central de Planeación Aduanera

Av. Hidalgo No.77 Modulo IV primer piso

Col. Guerrero, Delegación Cuauhtémoc

Código Postal 06300, México D.F.

via Importing & Driving a Car in Mexico | Surviving Yucatan.

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